After doing some research on the topic, come to find out many people know they would like to become a veterinarian, but some don’t realize the different types of animals with whom they could be coming in contact with. Veterinarians are not confined to just treating people’s pets; they many times have to work with smaller or even larger animals. Sometimes, they have to work with animals that can’t be kept as pets. In the next few moments I would like to go over some different types of animal doctors and what their specialty entails. 

The most common type of veterinarian is a small animal practitioner. They work closely with domestic pets and smaller animals. Generally focusing on dogs and cats, many extend their treatment to ferrets, guinea pigs, rabbits, just to name a few. Specialty veterinarians work with animals of course, but in a more focused field of treatment. These doctors may choose to become cardiologist, orthodontist, or ophthalmologist for all animals, while some may just work with a specific species. 

Wildlife veterinarians work with, you got it, wild animals. Their patients may be found in wooded areas throughout the United States or possibly transported in from continents overseas. These individuals normally work at wildlife rehabilitation centers, bird sanctuaries, or zoological societies. They many times work in a certain area, extensive knowledge of the animal and avian species is crucial. 

Large animal veterinarians often times find themselves on farms or other areas where the main population is livestock. Livestock would include cattle, horses, goats, sheep, chickens, and pigs. Precautions must always be taken when working with animals, but it can be especially hazardous when larger ones are involved. If these animals suddenly become nervous or scared stepping or stomping the practitioner’s foot, a serious injury could be sustained. 

Research veterinarians are responsible for diagnosing animal-related health problems such as Mad Cow Disease and the West Nile Virus. These individuals more commonly work in a lab setting researching microbiology and pathology, just to name a couple. Exotic veterinarians usually treat animals that not normally considered domesticated like cats or dogs; they work with reptiles, prairie dogs, birds, etc. With an increase in the number of households choosing a more selective species type for pets, these types of practitioners are becoming higher in demand. 

A doctoral degree is also necessary before they can open up their own practice like the animal hospital Pomona Ca or entering into this field. For some individuals a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine is not the only requirement. Practitioners who want to achieve more advancement in their area of study or provide proof of expertise and knowledge in a certain specialization, additional training and certificates are necessary.


Throughout a veterinarian’s education certain hands-on requirements must be fulfilled. Although internships and practice in the field are usually required, before a veterinarian is qualified enough to perform tasks on their own supervision is essential. A Bachelor’s degree in a relevant field must be held by all of these veterinarians.